sushi - world cultures




1 sushi

2 History of sushi

3 types of sushi

4 The difference between sushi and sashimi

5 ways to eat sushi

6 references sushi


Sushi has a large fan base in countries of the world, and even in Arab countries; Where many consider it their favorite dish, and there are pioneers of restaurants that serve it.

sushi history It is believed that its beginning was close to Japan and China , so there has always been a dispute between them over the right of each of them to share their sushi proportions.

Given its history, Japan is the original home of this dish; In the ninth century, the prevalent religion there was Buddhism , in which it was forbidden to eat meat, so people found in fish an alternative source of protein , and later added fermented rice to it, and what is known as nare-zushi, which is the first form of sushi, appeared.

Aged fish dish between the ninth and fourteenth centuries was considered a dish for the rich, and its beginnings go back more than a thousand years at Lake Biwa (English: Biwa), the largest freshwater lake in Japan, where carp were caught and stuffed with rice.

salted, then subjected to the fermentation process by exposing it to high pressure for a period of not less than six months.

As a result of the civil war in the fifteenth century, the Japanese discovered that exposing fish to greater pressure speeds up the fermentation process and reduces the time it takes to a month instead of six, when a new type appeared called nare sushi (English: mama-nare zushi).

When Tokugawa-e-yasu moved the Japanese capital from Kyoto to Edo, which is now known as Tokyo , the trade and population movement in Edo was active, and the chefs would press a layer of cooked rice seasoned with vinegar with a layer of fish in a wooden box for two hours, and thus the time decreased Taken to prepare sushi.

After that, carts selling sushi spread in the city of Edo, and as a result of the earthquake that struck Tokyo, land prices fell, which made it easier for sellers to open their own restaurants.

The process of transporting fish abroad has become easier. This meal spread in America when two Japanese people opened a sushi restaurant in Los Angeles , and it achieved fame among the wealthy Japanese class there, as they marketed it among their American friends.

Then other restaurants were opened in Hollywood , Chicago and New York , which contributed to the spread of sushi in all of the United States of America.

Sushi rolled with seaweed or soy paper has spread widely, although traditional sushi has maintained its status, and cream cheese, spicy mayonnaise and fried sushi rolls have been added, in addition to many vegetarian recipes.

[1] types of sushi There are many different types of sushi, as the only main ingredient in all of them is its rice, while many fillings, spices, toppings and mixtures are used that vary in the way their ingredients are mixed, as they can be mixed with modern or traditional methods: Maki Sushi : (English: Makizushi) means rolled sushi, where fish is wrapped in seaweed or the so-called nori, omelette, soy leaf, or cucumber. Maki sushi has many types; Some of them have the nori on the outside stuffed with rice, and then the rolls may be thin and called hosomaki, or they may be medium rolls, which is the chumaki, or wide and thick rolls known as futomaki.

As for the uramaki, it has rice on the outside and seaweed on the inside, in addition to tekami, which is wrapped in a funnel shape that shows its contents on the surface.

[2] Chirashi Sushi : (English: Chirashi Sushi) means scattered sushi, and it is also called sushi rice salad, and the most famous of its types does not contain any kind of meat at all. It is made in a large bowl of rice topped with various ingredients, such as carrots , avocado, omelette slices, eggs, fried tofu and green beans without any twisting or shaping. This type of sushi is easy to prepare, and it is made from the leftovers available, and there is no single way to cook it.

[3] Oshi Sushi : (English: Oshi Sushi), which is compressed sushi that is made in molds of wood, where these small-sized molds are filled with the ingredients in order, and the lid is placed first at the bottom so that the sushi rice is covered upside down, then the mold is pressed and turned over and eaten And it is cut.

[4] Inari Sushi : (English: Inari Sushi) is a packet of fried tofu stuffed with sushi rice. Cut the tofu into thin slices and fry at a temperature of 110-120°.

[5] Nigiri Sushi : (English: Nigiri Sushi) means hand-pressed sushi, which is a rectangular layer of sushi rice pressed with the palms, and a layer of Japanese radish or what is known as wasabi is placed on it, and the covering used for it is one of the types of seafood, or Japanese omelette , or chicken, and finally wrapped in a strip of seaweed , and it can be prepared in the form of circles.

[6] The difference between sushi and sashimi It should be noted that there is widespread confusion among people about sushi, as some believe that sushi is a ball of rice covered with fish, or that it is itself raw fish.

In fact, raw fish is known in Japan as sashimi.

Sashimi in Japanese means the pierced body, which is pieces of meat that is not required to be fish or raw, covering appetizers such as shredded radish without the presence of sushi rice, and it is eaten with soy sauce, wasabi paste, or citrus sauce made from soymon sauce and vinegar juice from rice .

Among the types of fish that sashimi is prepared from are salmon, shrimp , octopus, tuna , and whale meat. Octopus meat is the most famous type of sashimi in Japan, and is served cold or boiled, in addition to tataki, which is lightly burned on the outside and left raw inside, and soaked in vinegar and seasoned and presented in the form of thin slices cut next to pickled ginger .

There is also a type of sashimi made from chicken called Toriosa, and some consider it a delicacy.

[2] How to eat sushi Eating with hands is the original way to eat sushi, as it can usually be eaten with hands or sticks, but mostly sticks are used.

In the Japanese tradition, a person should start with light white meat, then move to darker meat such as tuna and salmon, and when moving from one type of meat to another, pickled ginger is used to change the taste of the mouth, and to distinguish between different types of meat and its quality.

For dipping sushi with soy sticks are used to dip fish without rice; To maintain the cohesion of the piece. As for the wasabi paste, it is dissolved in soy sauce , but it is worth noting that its abundance leads to a feeling of burning in the mouth. Rubbing chopsticks while eating is considered an insult to the host and a question of the quality of the utensils.


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