Muslims have only two feasts that the Islamic world celebrates all over the world:
1- Eid al-Fitr: which comes immediately after Ramadan:
Eid al-Fitr celebrations begin with the performance of the Eid prayer at dawn on the first day of the three-day Eid. The first day is called the Day of Reward or the Day of Forgiveness.
2- Eid al-Adha: falls on the tenth of Dhul-Hijjah:
Eid al-Adha celebrations begin with the performance of the Eid prayer at the dawn of the first day of the four-day feast.
After performing the prayer, the Muslims spread out to slaughter their sacrifices, in implementation of the noble verse: “I have given you al-Kawthar, so pray for your Lord and sacrifice.”
This sacrifice is offered in honor of our master Ibrahim Al-Khalil, peace be upon him, who was about to slaughter his son Ismail, peace be upon him, in response to the request of God Almighty
The number of Muslim holidays in a year Muslims celebrate two holidays each year; The first comes after completing the obligatory fasting month of Ramadan, and the second comes after the greatest acts of worship that God Almighty has imposed on His servants; Namely, it is the obligation of Hajj, and Eid for Muslims is the day on which is celebrated as a reward from God – Glory be to Him – to His servants as a result of their patience and steadfastness in performing the acts of worship that He has imposed upon them, which includes fasting and Hajj.
The feast includes many manifestations of joy and happiness in the soul, and it is noted that it begins with rituals and religious rites; Such as the takbeer, the Eid prayer, attending the Eid sermon, the connection of the womb, and then meeting with the family and enjoying food and drink, and in the article they are mentioned.
Eid al-Fitr is due. The legal period for Eid al-Fitr (Little Eid) is one day. It begins after the sun sets on the last day of the blessed month of Ramadan, and ends with the sunset of the first day of Shawwal. Because in it Muslims break their fast after fasting an entire month.
Desirable actions during Eid al-Fitr: The Eid prayer that Muslims perform approximately twenty minutes after the sun has risen, they meet with each other, exchange greetings and greetings, in addition to performing the alms-Fitr or zakat al-Fitr, which God – the Most High – has enjoined upon them.
Every Muslim has his daily sustenance; to draw closer to God by purifying his fast from the mistakes that may occur during Ramadan fasting, and for people to dispense with the need on the day of Eid.
The ties of kinship spread during Eid al-Fitr and people visit their families and relatives, as they receive their friends and neighbours, and thus they have reached their kinship as ordered by God – the Almighty -.
These types are: Eid cakes stuffed with dates or nuts, and covered with powdered sugar, in addition to shortbread, petitfour, and different types of biscuits.
Eid al-Adha is due to be Eid al-Adha (the Great Feast) which is the second festival of Muslims, and it is on the tenth day of the month of Dhu al-Hijjah.
People celebrate it after the pilgrims stand on Mount Arafat to perform the most important rituals of Hajj, and the number of days for Eid al-Adha is four, as it ends with sunset on the thirteenth of Dhul-Hijjah.
Or the Great Eid, as in most Arab countries, towards Palestine, Jordan, Lebanon, Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia, Iraq, Libya, Algeria, or the Hajj or the pilgrims’ feast, as the Bahraini people call it, as well as the Eucharist as in Iran.
Its occasion and the wisdom of its legislation, Eid al-Adha comes after nine days of the month of Dhu al-Hijjah, and these days are considered among the best days, and working on them is better than working on other days.
The acts of worship that they offered during the season of good deeds and acts of worship.
Desirable deeds In it, it is mustahabb to draw closer to God on Eid al-Adha with many acts of worship.
Like the Eid prayer, and one of the most important features of this holiday is that Muslims who are not pilgrims approach their Creator by sacrificing one of the types of livestock represented in: sheep, cows, and camels; They slaughter the sacrifice and distribute it to the poor, the needy, relatives and others, and this is the main reason for calling it Eid al-Adha.
The acts of the Day of Sacrifice such as circumambulation, shaving, slaughtering, and throwing pebbles at Jamarat al-Aqabah, and on the days of al-Tashreeq, pilgrims throw pebbles at the Jamarat.