The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is helping doctors build its human-classified spacecraft for the Gagania mission, India’s first human spaceflight aimed at carrying astronauts into low Earth orbit.
ISRO has hardened clinicians to understand the impact of spaceflight on humans and will design the spacecraft accordingly.
The astronauts selected for the mission also participated in the making of the orbital module.
“There are four astronauts who are part of Gaganyaan. We talk to them. They sit in the cockpit. We ask them to go through this and tell us if the equipment placement is correct, whether the lighting is correct or the edges are correct,” ISRO chief S Somnath said during a brainstorming session with Health experts on the use of space technology in emergency medical services.
Sumanth said scientists at ISRO are developing a human-classified spacecraft.
“We are also looking at various quality metrics to increase reliability and ultimately prove redundancy,” Somnath said, adding that space agencies around the world, including ISRO, have imbibed the development of fail-safe systems as a culture.
“We are also looking at how doctors relate to the design of the human spacecraft. There is interaction happening with the doctors and engineers around the design of the human spacecraft. If you are to conduct and maintain a successful human spaceflight in India, we need a strong group of doctors who will be involved in a mission flights. This human space too.
Union Minister Jitendra Singh said the first unmanned mission in the Gaganyaan series is expected to be launched next year. This will be followed by another unmanned mission, before the Indian astronauts board the spacecraft for a flight in low Earth orbit.
According to a senior ISRO official, the human-classified spacecraft must be able to accommodate the crew as if they were living in normal, acceptable conditions and must be able to perform various activities during their stay.
Engineers have to design the spacecraft by identifying potential hazards and developing systems to control such events.
The spacecraft must also have a means to safely retrieve the crew from any dangerous situation.